In post cocoon sector silk reeling is a vital component of sericulture operations. Reeling converts the cocoons into the raw silk yarn.
As we know that there is high demand of quality raw silk yarn in domestic market. But the Indian reelers are not able to meet-out those demands. Because, the reeling sector in India is Cottage based and Highly Decentralized, employing traditional reeling devices. Thus, country is dependent on imported raw silk yarn from China.
Multi-ends reeling machine
This machine eliminates the disadvantages of the Sitting type reeling machine by increasing the number of reeling thread ends per basin and reducing the reeling speed. The operator must stand when running this machine as the number of reeling threads per basin increases by twenty-fold. This is also called a â€œStanding type reeling machineâ€. Reeling efficiency is unchanged. Quality is better due to reduced speed.
The Multi-ends reeling machine is composed of driving part, groping ends, picking ends, standby bath, reeling part, jetboute, stop motion, traverse guider, small reels, steam heating pipes and clutches.
Automatic reeling machine
In raw silk production, the continuing increase of labour costs has mandated automation. Around 1950, the Automatic reeling machine, which controls the number of reeling cocoons per thread, was invented. Shortly thereafter, it was replaced by a second Automatic reeling machine, which could automatically control the size of the reeling thread.
The Automatic reeling machine mechanizes the processes of groping ends, picking ends; cocoon feeding to reeling thread and separation of dropped end cocoons during the reeling process. The efficiency of the Automatic Reeling Machine compares favorable with the manual Multi-ends reeling machine.